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金融危机对贫困地区劳动力培训转移的影响及其对策
文章作者:王德文 张展新 程杰 侯慧丽  发布时间:2015-11-27 09:27:49

内容摘要:全球金融危机对贫困地区的劳动力转移和就业带来了明显影响。调研表明,大多数返乡农民工基本都已外出,但他们面临着就业不稳定和工资收入下降等问题。由于务工收入是贫困地区农民增收的重要来源,就业不稳定和工资收入下降将增加返贫风险和脱贫难度。在沿海地区产业结构升级的背景下,贫困地区劳动力转移培训面临新挑战和新问题。这迫切要求在创造平等就业机会的基础上,加大培训力度,整合培训资源,改进培训方式,完善转移就业信息服务体系,从而提高农民工就业能力,推动贫困地区劳动力顺利转移。

关键词:全球金融危机、农村劳动力转移、培训、贫困地区

Impacts of the Global Financial Crisis on Rural Migration and Trainings in Poor Areas and Policy Countermeasures

Abstract: The global financial crisis has produced significantly impacts on rural migration and non-agricultural employment in poverty-stricken areas. According to our field surveys, most of earlier returned migrants have already migrated into cities and developed areas, but they are facing the issues of employment instability and wage-cutting, which will increase the risks of rural households slipping into poverty and difficulties for them to escape from poverty because non-agricultural earnings are one of the important sources for rural households to increase income in poor areas. With industrial restructuring and upgrading in coastal areas, labor transfer and trainings in poor areas are facing new challenges and issues. Therefore, it is urgent for governments at various levels to provide equal employment opportunities for rural migrants, increase financial input for trainings, integrate fragmented training resources, improve training methods and employment information services so as to strengthen the employability of rural migrants and realize a smooth labor transfer in poverty-stricken areas.

Keywords: Global Financial Crisis, Rural Migration, Training, Poverty-Stricken Areas

文章出处:工作论文,第78期