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农民工的人力资本积累:教育、培训及其回报
文章作者:屈小博;都阳  发布时间:2015-12-21 14:57:44

摘要:农民工人力资本积累及回报的提高是中国进入中等收入发展阶段产业升级、全要素生产率提高的重要因素。本文使用国家统计局2011年农民工监测调查微观数据,对农民工的教育、培训及其人力资本回报,以及农民工人力资本回报与劳动生产力变动进行了实证分析。结果表明,农民工人力资本回报显示出劳动力市场机制配置劳动力资源的作用,人力资本相对较高的农民工流向和分布于人力资本回报和生产力相对较高的产业、职业和地区。由此,提高农民工人力资本积累和回报是刘易斯转折点后政策应对的应有之意。

关键词:农民工 教育 培训 人力资本回报

Human Capital Accumulation of Rural Migrants: Education, Training and Returns

Abstract: To improve human capital accumulation and return is an important factor of upgrading industry and increasing TFP after China has entered into mid-income stage. Using rural migrants’ survey data from State Statistical Bureau, this paper has empirically analyzed education, training and returns of rural migrants, as well as relationship between human capital returns of rural migrants and productivity. Results from Statistical and regression show human capital return of rural migrant accord with mechanism with market allocating labor resources. Rural migrants possessing comparatively higher level of human capital distribute and flow to industry, occupation and region with comparatively higher productivity. Therefore, increasing human capital accumulation is an important policy implication for coping with challenges after Lewis turning point.

Key words: Rural Migrants; Education and Training; Human Capital Returns

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文章出处:中国社会科学院研究生院学报,2013年第5期